Despite incredible advances in the field of restorative dentistry that has enabled dentists to salvage countless teeth each single day, extraction of teeth can still sometimes be required in some cases such as when a tooth cannot be saved after multiple attempts at restoring it, or when teeth crowding is to be treated by removing teeth from both sides of an arch.
Dental extraction is a surgical procedure in which a tooth is pulled out of its bony socket, either due to an untreatable infection or due to orthodontic reasons. Since dental extraction is a surgical procedure, it is carried out under the effect of an anesthesia.
Tooth extraction may be warranted in the following cases:
Before deciding to extract a tooth, your dentist will first perform a detailed examination of your oral cavity, in addition to ordering radiographs of your teeth. This is done to make sure that all the restorative options have been tried before extraction is considered. The radiographs also help the dentist in visualizing any vitals structures in the area of operation, such as nerves or vessels that may get damaged during the surgery. Also to make sure that you do not have any blood borne diseases, your dentist may order a few medical investigations.
It is not uncommon to experience mild pain and irritation at the surgical site for a few days after extraction. Your dentist will prescribe you with a pain relieving medication to make you comfortable. The pain usually goes away within 2-3 days, and if it does not, you should consult your dentist without any delay.
The extraction site should be left undisturbed while healing is taking place. You should take care of the following things after you have undergone a tooth extraction: