Neuromuscular Dentistry

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Did you know that the misalignment or abnormal angulation of your upper and lower jaws can lead to various serious dental problems? Contemporary dental procedures have now allowed for the correction of problems related to the facial muscles, soft tissues and the jaws, thanks to neuromuscular dentistry.

Neuromuscular Dentistry
What is Neuromuscular Dentistry?

Neuromuscular dentistry is a dental treatment approach that is aimed at correcting the neuromuscular problems of the jaws and maxillofacial region. In this approach, dentists use various cosmetic and surgical techniques to reposition the jaws and facial structures, so that they do not cause any harmful effect on the teeth, gums and the jaw bones.

How Can Neuromuscular Problems Affect Your Dental Health?

Problems related to the maxillofacial musculatures and the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) should never be taken lightly, as they can cause long lasting, or even permanent damage to your dental health. Here’s what can happen if do not seek expert help for your neuromuscular dental problems:

  • Malocclusion – improper alignment of the jaws can also result in the abnormal occlusion of the upper and lower teeth, which not only disturbs your facial esthetics, but can also cause problems with eating and speaking.
  • Temporomandibular Joint Problems – neuromuscular problems of the maxillofacial region exert direct pressure on the temporomandibular joints, which can adversely affect the normal opening and closure of the mouth, pain in the TMJ, swelling and even dislocation of the TMJ.
  • Muscular Problems – the muscles present around your face and neck are responsible for maintaining the tightness of your skin. In case they have to bear excessive pressures due to improper jaw alignment, they can fatigued which can cause severe facial pains.
  • Tooth Wear – abnormal occlusion of the teeth as a result of improperly aligned or angulated jaws can cause significant occlusal wear of the opposing teeth, resulting in functional and esthetic dental problems as well as tooth sensitivity.

 

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neuromuscular Dental Problems

Management of most neuromuscular dental problems is usually carried out by treating the underlying cause. The first step in treatment of these problems is diagnosing the root cause of the problem. For this purpose, several cutting edge diagnostic approaches are available to dentists for the diagnosis of neuromuscular problems:

  • Sonography – this diagnostic method is used for measuring the vibration generated in the TMJ to assess if there is anything wrong with your jaw joints.
  • Electromyography – if there is any problems related to the facial muscles or the TMJ, Electromyography (EMG) can be used to measure the frequency of electrical signals that are generated within the muscles.
  • Kinesiography – in this technique, 3-D movements of the TMJ are recorded to assess the problems related to the TMJ movement.

Remember, you should never take problems any neuromuscular problems of the face lightly! If you are facing any of the above mentioned symptoms, you should visit your dentist immediately to seek expert help.

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